Nurse’s Notes: Understanding AntiMicrobial Resistance

Posted: January 8, 2016 in Nurse
Tags: , , ,

For a nurse, being updated with the current trends on antimicrobial drugs is  essential. It provides additional and new insight about the drugs you are giving to your patients. So, I am sharing the important facts about antimicrobial resistance reported by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial drug that was originally effective for treatment of infections caused by it is called antimicrobial resistance. Bacterial, fungi, viruses, and parasites are the so- called resistant microorganisms that offer opposition to antimicrobial drugs. The standard treatment to the said drugs become ineffective, leaving infections to persist and increasing the spread of other microbial diseases.

The survey by WHO was conducted  in 12 countries, mostly developing countries like Vietnam and India. The result showed that antimicrobial resistance is on the rise globally.

Key Facts about AntiMicrobial Resistance:

    • Antimicrobial resistance is present in all parts of the world and new resistance is emerging and spreading globally.
    • Antimicrobial resistance threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi.
    • It is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society.
    • 64 per cent think antimicrobials can treat cold and flu viruses; and 32 per cent think they can stop taking the antimicrobials once they felt better
    • Patients with infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are generally at increased risk of worse clinical outcomes and death.

“The threat is easy to describe: Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise in every region of the worlds,” said Margaret Chan, the global director of the WHO.

INFOGRAPHIC of 2014 Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimcirobial Resistance, Antibiotic Resistance

 

Acknowledgment:

Antimicrobial Resistance, WHO
WHO warns of ‘global crisis’ over antibiotics resistance, ABC.net

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