Nurse’s Notes: Newborn Vaccination and its Side Effects

Posted: September 23, 2016 in Nurse
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Newborn Vaccine, immunizationAt 1: 15 a.m., a concerned mother rushed into the emergency department, asking me to check her child’s body. The baby was sleeping on his mother’s arm, slightly warm to touch, and two months old. 36. 3° Celsius came through the thermometer ( via axilla). The mother informed me that her son was given vaccine injection at 2 p.m.  in the afternoon. I informed her that slight elevation in body temperature after 24hours of vaccine injection is a common side effect.

In connection to the situation above, I’d like to share a cheat sheet on newborn vaccines and their side effects.

Hepatitis B

  •  Mild rise in body temperature.
  •  Pain at the injection Site

Diphtheria

  • Mild rise in body temperature.
  •  Pain at the injection site.
  • Irritability/ Crying

Polio

  • Mild rise in body temperature.
  •  Pain at the injection site.
  • Irritability.
  • Drowisness.

Tetanus Toxoid

  • Mild rise in body temperature.
  •  Pain at the injection site.

Pertussis

  • Mild rise in body temperature.
  •  Pain at the injection site.

Measles, MMR

About seven days after vaccination, the following side effects may occur.

  • Fever (can be over 39° C)
  • Cough
  • Runny Nose
  • Puffy Eyes
  • Swollen Salivary Glands
  • Faint red non- infectious rash

Note that a slight rise in body temperature of newborn or infant is expected within 24 hours after vaccination. Pain at the injection site is also a common side effect. Complications of administering vaccines to newborns and infants are rare. If you have any question about your child’s vaccine you can ask your pediatrician or doctor, or nurse.

In case you are confused, newborn vaccines are scheduled and must be followed promptly.

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